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Home >Mysql > mysql load file into a table

Stampa  Stampa

LOAD_FILE is a mysql function to load files on a table.
For example, let's create a simple text file and make sure mysql has the rights.
server1 ~ $ echo 'Hello I am a nice text file!' >  /tmp/test.txt
server1 ~ $ chown mysql:mysql /tmp/test.txt 
Now let's create a table with a longblob column and try to load some file into.
server1 ~ $ mysql
Server version: 5.6.21-70.0-log Percona Server (GPL), Release 70.0, Revision 688
mysql> use demodb ;
Database changed

    -> `test` (  `id` bigint(20) NOT NULL,  `data` longblob,  
    -> `file_type` varchar(20) DEFAULT NULL, 
    ->  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)  ) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8 ;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)
Then, let's insert the file on the table.
mysql> INSERT INTO test (id, data) VALUES(1, LOAD_FILE('/tmp/test.txt'));
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> select * from test;
| id | data                          | file_type |
|  1 | Hello I am a nice text file!
| NULL      |
1 row in set (0.00 sec)
When loading big files, note that max_allowed_packet server parameter defines the the max packet size and if this is not tuned you may have an error.
For example if max_allowed_packet is set to 16M while trying to insert a 20M file you will get the "Warning 1301".
-- max_allowed_packet is set to 16M
mysql> show variables like 'max_allowed_packet' ;
| Variable_name      | Value    |
| max_allowed_packet | 16777216 |
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

-- max_allowed_packet is set to 16M 
mysql> INSERT INTO test (id, data) VALUES(2, LOAD_FILE('/tmp/sample_file_20Msize.pdf'));
Query OK, 1 row affected, 1 warning (0.00 sec)

mysql> show warnings;
| Level   | Code | Message                                                                         |
| Warning | 1301 | Result of load_file() was larger than max_allowed_packet (16777216) - truncated |

In this case you will need to increase accordingly the value on the configuration file (usually my.cnf) and reload mysql server .

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Anger is creative, depression is useless.
Dyson, Freeman J.

Anger is creative, depression is useless.
Dyson, Freeman J.

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